Travel Health: Things to know and follow before, during and after your trip
When ever you plan to travel make sure that you are aware of the proper travel health facts to ensure that you have safe travel.
Some of the health problems commonly observed in travelers are malaria, diarrhoea, accidents (when traveling by car or swimming), wound infections and sexually transmitted diseases.
- Diarrhoea is a result of consuming contaminated food and drinking water. Hence be careful while travelling to areas with poor hygiene conditions.
- Malaria is spread by mosquitoes, so it is very important to protect yourself from mosquitoes.
- To prevent accidents while travelling, follow proper precautionary steps. Also it is important that all wounds are carefully disinfected to avoid infection.
Several intestinal infections attribute to infections selected by mouth and hands. Proper care can prevent most of illness. Traveler’s diarrhoea always clears up within few days but can be irritating. It is your responsibility to maintain your overall health while travelling.
Following preventive measures significantly lowers the risk of diarrhoea:
To maintain good travel health remember to wash your hands well before eating and avoid
- Eating raw vegetables and fruits that some one else has peeled
- Uncooked dairy products
- Insufficiently cooked sea foods and meat
- Ice-cream from street merchants
Eat hot and properly cooked meals from decent restaurant
Avoid tap water; drink only bottled water and soft drinks.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases:
Casual sexual contacts on an overseas holiday have high risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases, mainly AIDS. Often unsafe and unintentional sexual contact under alcohol influence can be risky. Prevention is the only key to safeguard you. Adequate use of a condom is absolutely essential. Vaccination against hepatitis B is advised.
Malaria is an infectious disease caused by a parasite transmitted by Anopheles mosquito bites. The symptoms of the disease include fever attacks, nevertheless can be similar to influenza in the beginning. If not treated in time, malaria can cause death within a few days.
- To prevent malaria it is important avoid mosquito bites.
- The Anopheles mosquito’s always bites only between dusk and dawn. Hence wear light colored clothes in evening and cover your arms and legs properly.
- Apply mosquito repellent creams to the uncovered parts of your body. Reapply after every 4 to 6 hours.
If these measures are properly carried out, the risk of contracting the disease is lowered by 80 to 90 percent.
There is no drug that is 100 percent effective in preventing the disease. Hence after few fever attacks in the first three months after returning from the tropics, consider checking for a malaria infection. However, if recognized in time, malaria is easy to treat without any risks of recurrent attacks.